Daniel Hudson Burnham, (September 4, 1846 – June 1, 1912) was an American architect and urban designer. He was the Director of Works for the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, colloquially referred to as “The White City”.
Burnham took a leading role in the creation of master plans for the development of a number of cities, including Chicago, Manila, Baguio and downtown Washington, D.C. He also designed several famous buildings, including the Flatiron Building of triangular shape in New York City, Union Station in Washington D.C., the Continental Trust Company Building tower skyscraper in Baltimore (now One South Calvert Building), and a number of notable skyscrapers in Chicago.
Although best known for his skyscrapers, city planning, and for the White City, almost one third of Burnham’s total output – 14.7 million square feet (1.37 million square meters) – consisted of buildings for shopping.