Charles Stuart Kaufman (; born November 19, 1958) is an American screenwriter, producer, director, lyricist, and novelist. He wrote the films Being John Malkovich (1999), Adaptation (2002), and Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004). He made his directorial debut with screenplay Synecdoche, New York (2008), which was also well-received; film critic Roger Ebert dubbed it “the best movie of the decade” in 2009.One of the most celebrated screenwriters of his era, Kaufman has been nominated for four Academy Awards: twice for Best Original Screenplay for Being John Malkovich and Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (winning for the latter), Best Adapted Screenplay (with his fictional brother) for Adaptation, and Best Animated Feature for Anomalisa. He also won two BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplays and one BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay. Three of Kaufman’s scripts appear in the Writers Guild of America’s list of the 101 greatest movie screenplays ever written.