Carol P. Christ
Carol Patrice Christ (born in California, United States in December 20, 1945) is a feminist historian, thealogian, author, and foremother of the Goddess movement. She studied Women’s studies and issues and finished her PhD from Yale University. She has also served as a professor in other universities such as Columbia University, Harvard Divinity School and many others.
One of the most well known published essay she has written is “Why Women Need The Goddess”. It was initially a keynote presentation at a conference at the University of Santa Cruz in 1978. Why Women Need the Goddess essay helped starting a feminism prominent movement and to launch a goddess movement as well and it became a part of the heresies which is the Feminist Publication on Art and Politics. The essay discusses the importance of religious symbols as well as the effects of male symbolism of God on women. Religious symbols act as a powerful pervasive worth to a society and the people within in. Christ also happens to be one of the world’s most influential and premier Thealogians. The idea behind it is centered on female moral, spiritual, biological differences where Christ is imagining females as Goddess.
In the spring of 1978, Christ presented “Why Women Need the Goddess” to address “Great Goddess Re-emerging” conference.” Christ has written five influential books on women’s spirituality and feminist theology. Carol P. Christ also co-edited the classic feminist religion anthologies Weaving the Visions: New Patterns in Feminist Spirituality (1989) and Womanspirit Rising (1979/1989); the latter included her essay Why Women Need the Goddess Both anthologies included feminist religious writing from writers from a very diverse range of religious backgrounds. She holds a PhD from Yale University. Carol P. Christ has taught at major universities in the United States, including Columbia University, Harvard Divinity School, Pomona College, San Jose State, and the California Institute of Integral Studies. As director of the Ariadne Institute, she conducts pilgrimages to sacred sites in Greece containing artifacts of matriarchal religion. She has for many years been a resident of the Greek island of Lesbos, the home of the poet Sappho.